بررسی و رتبه‌بندی نقش رسانه‌های جمعی در توسعه گردشگری ورزشی شهر تبریز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

10.30473/jsm.2019.45334.1316

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت رسانه‌ها در رشد و توسعه صنعت گردشگری ورزشی، تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی و رتبه‌بندی نقش رسانه‌های جمعی در توسعه گردشگری ورزشی شهر تبریز انجام شده است. جامعه آماری این تحقیق شامل مدیران و متخصصان ورزش، گردشگری و میراث فرهنگی و رسانه‌های ورزشی در شهر تبریز بودند (300=N) و نمونه‌گیری به صورت کل شمار بود که 230 پرسش‌نامه مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ابزار تحقیق، پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته بود که پس از تأیید روایی آن توسط تعدادی از متخصصان مدیریت ورزشی و گردشگری در یک مطالعه مقدماتی بین 30 نفر از آزمودنی‌ها توزیع و پایایی آن (86/0 =α) گزارش داده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌های تحقیق با استفاده از روش‌های آماری توصیفی و آمار استنباطی از قبیل آزمون کولموگروف- اسمیرنوف، آزمون رتبه‌ای فریدمن و نرم‌افزار SPSS نسخه 24 انجام گرفت. نتایجتحقیق نشان داد، رسانه‌های جمعی بیش‌ترین نقش را در «آموزش نیروی انسانی» با میانگین رتبه‌ای 39/4 و کم‌ترین نقش را «شناسایی ظرفیت‌ها و قابلیت‌های محیطی» با میانگین رتبه‌ای 78/3 داشتند. همچنین از بین رسانه‌های جمعی تلویزیون، اینترنت و رسانه‌های نوین بیش‌ترین نقش را در توسعه گردشگری ورزشی شهر تبریز داشتند.با توجه به یافتههای پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت، تلویزیون، اینترنت و رسانه‌های نوین، نقش اصلی در مؤلفه‌های توسعه گردشگری ورزشی را بر عهده دارند، بنابراین پیشنهاد می‌شود، با ایجاد شبکه‌های تلویزیونی گردشگری ورزشی و وب‌سایت‌های گردشگری ورزشی، زمینه‌های لازم برای حضور بیش‌تر گردشگران در رویدادهای ورزشی را فراهم آورند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reviwing and Rating the Role of Mass Media in Development of Sport Tourism in Tabriz City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Shahbazi 1
  • Majid Jalali Farahani 2
  • Mohammad Khabiri 2
1 M.A. in Sport Management, University of Tehran.
2 Associate Professor in Sport Management, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Regarding the importance of media in development of sport tourism industry, this research has been conducted with the aim of reviwing and rating the role of mass media in development of sport tourism in Tabriz. The statistical population of this study was the managers and experts of sports, tourism, cultural heritage and sports media in Tabriz city (N= 300). Total population sampling was used
and 230 questionnaires were examined. The research tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. After validation by a number of sports and tourism management experts,they were distributed among 30 subjects and its reliability was reported (α = 0.86). Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Friedman's rank test by  SPSS24 software.
Findings of the research showed that mass media had most effect in "human resource training" with an average rating of 4.39 and "identifying environmental capacities and capabilities" had the lowest effect with average rating of 3.78. Also, among all mass media, television, Internet and modern media had most effect on the development of sport tourism in Tabriz city.According to research findings, television, the Internet and the modern media have  key role in the components of sport tourism development, therefore, it is suggested to provide a proper situation for more and more attendance of tourists in sports events.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mass Media
  • Sport tourism
  • Sports media
  • Modern Media
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