نقش رسانه‌های جمعی در توسعه فرهنگ اجتماعی ورزش قهرمانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه ولی عصر(عج) رفسنجان

10.30473/jsm.2019.45353.1317

چکیده

این پژوهش، با هدف بررسی نقش رسانه‌های جمعی در توسعه فرهنگ اجتماعی ورزش قهرمانی انجام شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل اساتید مدیریت ورزشی و رسانه، اصحاب رسانه و ورزشکاران (قهرمانان ملی و استانی سال 97) بود. نمونه‌گیری به روش هدفمند و نمونه آماری (125نفر) تعیین شد. ابزار، پرسشنامۀ ساخته محقق بود که روایی آن توسط اساتید تربیت بدنی و رسانه مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. پایایی پرسش‌نامه، با استفاده از روش ضریب آلفای کرونباخ(94/0= α) محاسبه گردید. روش تحلیل داده‌ها استفاده از معادلات ساختاری، تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مرتبۀ اول و دوم بود.  نتایج نشان داد که سه عامل مرتبط با رسانه‌های جمعی شامل فرهنگی، آموزشی و تبلیغی است. ضمناً گویه‌های تأثیر در ایجاد و توسعه اخلاق درورزش، انتشار اخبار و اطلاعات درست و صحیح در رسانه‌های ورزشی و انعکاس دستاوردهای علمی ورزشی در خصوص ورزش به ترتیب در عامل‌های فرهنگی، آموزشی و تبلیغی در اولویت اول قرار داشتند. براساس یافته‌های این پژوهش رسانه‌های جمعی باید یک مؤلفه مهم در جهت توسعۀ فرهنگ اجتماعی در ورزش قهرمانی مورد توجه قرار گیرد. از این رو می‌توان برنامه‌ریزی مناسبی در جهت تعامل با جامعه رسانه‌ای و ورزشی و استفاده از ظرفیت‌های آن‌ها برای توسعه  فرهنگ اجتماعی در ورزش قهرمانی کشور انجام داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Mass Media Role in the Development of Championship Social Culture

نویسنده [English]

  • Sayyed Jalil Miryousefi
Assisstant Professor of Sport Management,Vli-asr University of Rafsanjan
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research is to investigate the role of mass media in the development of social culture in championship sport. The statistical population consisted of sports and media management professors, media professionals, and athletes (national and provincial champions of 2019). Purposeful sampling was used in this study (125 people). A researcher-made questionnaire was used which it's validity was confirmed by physical education and media professors. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α=0.94). Structural equations modeling, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis of the first and second order were used to analyze data. The results revealed that three factors related to mass media were cultural, educational, and promotional factors. Meanwhile, items of affecting development of ethics in sport, publication of the correct and accurate information about sports in sports media, and distribution of scientific achievements in sport were prioritized in cultural, educational, and promotional factors respectively. Based on the findings, mass media should be considered as an important component in developing social culture in the sports championship. Therefore, through proper planning, the media and sports community can interact with each other and use their capacities to develop social culture in the national sports championship.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • athletic sport
  • Development
  • Mass Media
  • social culture developmen

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