مطالعه ورزش آموزشی و همگانی دانشگاه‌ها به روش تحلیل سوات با رویکرد نشر یافته ها و ارائه کاربرد (مطالعه موردی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه تربیت ‌بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد رودهن، تهران

2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه تربیت ‌بدنی، دانشگاه آزاد واحد رودهن، تهران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش مطالعه ورزش آموزشی و همگانی دانشگاه‌ها به روش تحلیل سوات با رویکرد نشر یافته‌ها و ارائه کاربرد می­باشد. روش پژوهش از نوع توصیفی ـ تحلیلی و از نظر هدف کاربردی می­ باشد. روش جمع‌آوری داده­ ها شامل مطالعات کتابخانه ­ای، روش دلفی و در نهایت پرسش‌نامه است. برای تعیین روایی پرسش‌نامه با متخصصین مشورت و بعد از اعمال کلیه پیشنهادات اصلاحی، تغییرات ضروری صورت پذیرفت و پایایی آن از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه و مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را اساتید  مدیریت ورزش و مدیران و کارشناسان تربیت‌بدنی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی کشور تشکیل می­دادند که با برآورد انجام شده در مجموع 550 نفر بودند، که نمونه از روش جدول مورگان تعداد 225 نفر به‌دست آمد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ ها از آمار توصیفی و آزمون­ های کلموگروف اسمیرنف، فریدمن و آزمون یو­مان ویتنی استفاده گردید. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می‌داد نقاط ضعف ورزش آموزشی نسبت به نقاط قوت اندکی بالاتر و از طرفی فرصت­ها  وضعیت بهتری نسبت به تهدیدهای ورزش آموزشی دانشگاه داشته­ اند (استراتژی محافظه‌کارانه). در ارتباط با ورزش همگانی نقاط قوت و فرصت‌ها نسبت به نقاط ضعف و تهدیدها، وضعیت و رتبه بهتری داشته‌اند (استراتژی تهاجمی). همچنین مؤلفه­ های نقاط قوت، ضعف، فرصت و تهدید‌های ورزش آموزشی و همگانی مشخص گردیدند. در نهایت پیشنهاد می‌گردد با توسعه بخش آموزشی ورزش در جامعه دانشگاهی، زمینه همگانی کردن ورزش دانشجویان فراهم گردد و این می‌تواند محور توسعه ورزش قهرمانی را در میان جوانان با استعداد دانشجو مهیا سازد.



                                                                                                      

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Educational Sports and Universities of Universities by SWOT Analysis Method with Publishing Approach and Application Approach (Case Study of Islamic Azad University)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Shabani 1
  • Bahram Salehnia 2
1 Assistance Professor in Sport Management, Islamic Azad University, Rodehn Branch, Tehran
2 Faculty Memberin Sport Management, Islamic Azad University, Rodehn Branch, Tehran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to Study of Educational Sports and Universities of Universities by SWOT Analysis Method with Publishing Approach and Application Approach. The research method is descriptive-analytical and is applicable to the target. Data collection method includes library studies, Delphi method and finally a questionnaire. To determine the validity of the questionnaire, experts consulted and after applying all corrective suggestions, necessary changes were made and its reliability was calculated and validated through Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The statistical population of this study consisted of professors of sport management and managers and physical education experts of Islamic Azad University, with a total estimated 550 individuals, of which 225 were Morgan table method. Descriptive statistics and Kolmogorov Smirnov, Friedman tests and U-Winnie test were used to analyze the data. The results of this study showed that the educational weaknesses were slightly higher than the strengths and, on the other hand, the opportunities had a better situation than university education threats (conservative strategy). In terms of public sport, the strengths and opportunities have been better off than the weaknesses and threats (aggressive strategy). Also, the components of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of educational and general sport were identified. Finally, it is suggested that the development of the sport education sector in the academic community should provide a platform for the generalization of the students' sport, which could provide the basis for the development of the championship sport among the talented young students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Educational sport
  • public sport
  • Azad University
  • method (SWOT)
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