رابطه نقش رسانه های جمعی و بروز رفتارهای خرافی بین بازیکنان فوتبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دبیر تربیت‌بدنی آموزش پرورش استان فارس

2 استاد گروه مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه نقش رسانه‌های جمعی و بروز رفتارهای خرافی در بین بازیکنان فوتبال بود. پژوهش ازلحاظ هدف کاربردی و جامعه آماری شامل کلیه بازیکنان فوتبال شاغل در لیگ برتر استان فارس (520 =N) که با استفاده از روش تصادفی ساده و بر اساس جدول کوکران نمونه آماری تحقیق تعیین شد (223 =n). ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه محقق ساخته که در بخش نقش رسانه­ های جمعی 23 سؤال در چهار خرده مقیاس (عوامل فرهنگ‌سازی، عوامل آگاهی، عوامل اطلاع‌رسانی و عوامل مشارکت اجتماعی) و در بخش باورهای خرافی 14 سؤال که در دو بعد عمل و باور تنظیم و تدوین شد. روایی پرسش‌نامه با استفاده از روایی محتوایی و روایی سازه و پایایی از ضریب پایایی آلفای کرونباخ موردبررسی قرار گرفت. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزار اس پی اس اس استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد بین نقش رسانه‌های جمعی و رفتارهای خرافی همبستگی منفی در سطح 95 درصد وجود دارد و همچنین، بین مؤلفه‌های رسانه‌های جمعی: آگاهی، فرهنگ‌سازی و اطلاع‌رسانی نیز با رفتارهای خرافی همبستگی منفی معناداری در سطح 95 درصد وجود دارند و بین نقش مشارکت رسانه‌های جمعی و رفتارهای خرافی رابطه معناداری در سطح 95 درصد وجود ندارد. بین رسانه‌های جمعی و رفتارهای خرافی در دو بعد عمل و باور همبستگی منفی در سطح 95 درصد رابطه معناداری دارند. آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه حاکی از این است که متغیرهای آگاهی، فرهنگ‌سازی و اطلاع‌رسانی 27 درصد واریانس متغیر رفتارهای خرافی را تبیین کرده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship the Role of Mass Media on Superstitious Behaviors of among Football Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Zare 1
  • Sedigheh Heydari Nejad 2
1 Secretary of the Ministry of Education Physical Education in Fars province
2 Professor of Sport Management, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
چکیده [English]

This study examines Relationship the role of mass media on superstitious behaviors of among football players. Purpose of applied research. The study population included all Premier League footballers working in Fars province (n = 520) that uses simple random sampling based on Cochran table sample was determined (n = 223). A questionnaire to collect data on the role of mass media 23 questions in 4 subscales (cultural factors, factors such as knowledge, information and agents of social participation) And in the superstitious belief that in both practice and belief set 14 questions were formulated. The validity of the questionnaire, content validity and construct validity and reliability using Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient was investigated. To analyze the data, SPSS software was used. The results showed a negative correlation between the mass media and superstitious behaviors of are at 95% And also, between the components of the mass media: knowledge, culture and information with superstitious behaviors of are at 95% and a significant negative correlation between the role of mass media participation and superstitious behaviors of, there is no significant relationship at 95%. Between the mass media and superstitious behaviors of in both practice and belief are significant negative correlation at 95%. Multiple regression analysis showed that variables of knowledge, culture and information 27 percent of the variance is explained superstitious behaviors of.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Superstitious Behaviors of
  • Mass Media
  • football
  • Posto Perative
  • Post-Believe
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